Gunnar Fant received a Master of Science in Electrical Engineering in 1945. He specialized in the acoustics of the human voice, measuring formant values, and continued to work in this area at Ericsson and at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He also took the initiative of creating a speech communication department at KTH, unusual at the time.
Gunnar Fant's work led to the birth of a new era of speech synthesis with the introduction of powerful and configurable formant synthesizers. In the 1960s, Gunnar Fant's Orator Verbis Electris (OVE) competed with Walter Lawrence's Parametric Artificial Talker (PAT) in creating lifelike speech synthesis.
In later years, Gunnar Fant remained active in the area of speech synthesis, focusing mainly on research on prosody.
Gunnar Fant received honorary doctorates from the Grenoble University (1978) and from Stockholm University (1988), and several other awards, such as the Swedish Academy Margit Påhlson award, and the IEEE James L. Flanagan Speech and Audio Processing Award (2003). He was a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences and the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences.
References[edit source | edit]
- Gunnar Fant (1970) Acoustic Theory of Speech Production. Mouton De Gruyter. ISBN 90-279-1600-4
- Gunnar Fant (2006) Speech Acoustics and Phonetics: Selected Writings. Springer. ISBN 1-4020-2789-3
- Roman Jakobson, C. Gunnar M. Fant, and Morris Halle (1961) Preliminaries to Speech Analysis: The Distinctive Features and Their Correlates. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press. ISBN 0-262-60001-3
- Dennis H. Klatt (1987) "Review of text-to-speech conversion for English". The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Vol. 82, No. 3, September 1987, pp. 737--793.
[edit source | edit]
- Gunnar Fant's web page
- Audio clips from Dennis Klatt's "Review of text-to-speech conversion for English"